Tuesday, July 04, 2006

恐怖分子不應受日內瓦公約保護

各報章一直以來都指摘美國在關塔那摩灣關押恐怖分子疑犯是違反《日內瓦公約》, 但《日內瓦公約》的內容到底是什麼呢?

並非任何人都受公約保護的, 公約指明被受保護的戰士必須:

  • fighting for a Contracting Party to the Convention;
  • commanded by a person responsible for his subordinates;
  • wear uniforms or the equivalent (a fixed distinctive sign recognizable at a distance) which identify them as combatants;
  • carry arms openly
  • conduct their operations in accordance with the laws and customs of war

明顯的是恐怖份子並不合乎以上的標準, 因此有理由被認為是不受《日內瓦公約》保護的。

有關文章: 1, 2, 3

8月2日補充: 關塔那摩灣至今發生了數百宗囚犯襲擊守衛事件。

1 comment:

johnny walker said...

●commanded by a person responsible for his subordinates;
●carry arms openly

此兩點就足以視被捕者是戰俘。

再者,就算美國所謂的「恐怖分子」不算以上兩種,那代表美國可以隨便到其他國家捉人回來虐待?